HIV & AIDS STI

General objective:
•To obtain a better understanding of the relation between the presence of the virus in the cervix and the vagina, and the risk of mother-child transmission of HIV.

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OBJECTIVES
•to determine the cost-benefit of HAART in mother-to-child-transmission of HIV
•to develop new methods to determine viral parameters

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OBJECTIVES
•To reduce the sexual transmission of HIV infection and STI and to decrease the complications of STI.

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OBJECTIVES
•To examine whether the intervention strategy of vaginal cleansing with a diluted chlorhexidine solution during labour can reduce the risk of transmission of HIV infection from mother-to-child
•To acquire a better understanding of the timing of perinatal transmission of HIV-1.

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Main objective:
•to assess acceptability of, compliance with, and effectiveness of the diaphragm and cervical caps in a population of high-risk women

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OBJECTIVES
•To determine prevalences, viral parameters of HIV and HPV and its relation to cervical neoplasia in the general population of Nairobi
•To determine the effect of contraceptives on the HIV viral transmission/shedding
•To determine the effect of cytokines and immune components on HIV transmission/shedding

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•To revise a draft WHO document that was written as a programme guide, focusing on strategies and programme components.

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OBJECTIVES

•Identify strategies and tools to improve the use of the syndromic approach to optimise Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) management/prevention in resource poor settings with high incidence of STI and HIV
•Ensure continuation of a collaborative network of researchers, to appraise existing STI management/prevention/control programs using the syndromic approach in 4 Southern and Eastern African countries.
•Enhance co-operation between scientists and policy makers involved in health systems development and development of preventive methods, new diagnostic tools and therapeutic regimens, in order to enhance the effectiveness, coverage and quality of care in existing primary health care services and programmes.

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