Publications

Background and objectives - Healthy women, men and children are the building blocks of a strong world. While infant and maternal mortality continues to decline, the burden of morbidity in the perinatal period remains a major concern. Psychosocial health and partner violence are two major determinants of poor perinatal outcome and have repeatedly been described as an extensive public health problem with crucial societal and health implications. However, the impact of violence related factors such as fear of childbirth and psychosocial health on the mode of delivery remains little investigated. So far, most studies have focused on the identification and consequences of abuse/violence. There is a lacuna with regards to research on interventions in the health sector to reduce the magnitude and impact of intimate partner violence (IPV). As such, this study contributes to the need to identify effective interventions and how to adopt them within the perinatal care context. Therefore, next to assessing prevalence, determinants and associated obstetric outcomes, our objective is to assess the effect of a perinatal health sector embedded intervention for IPV.

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Introduction : Concerns about risk compensation-increased risk behaviours in response to a perception of reduced HIV transmission risk-after the initiation of ART have largely been dispelled in empirical studies, but other changes in sexual networking patterns may still modify the effects of ART on HIV incidence.

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Background: The contraceptive prevalence rate in Mozambique was estimated as 11.3% in the last Demographic and Health Survey. The impact of family planning (FP) on women's health and on the reduction of maternal mortality is well known.

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Background: A baseline cross-sectional survey among female sex workers (FSWs) was conducted in four cities within the context of an implementation research project aiming to improve FSWs' access to HIV, and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services. The survey measured where FSWs seek HIV/SRH care and what motivates their choice.

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Background: In 2007, WHO launched a global initiative for the elimination of mother-to-child transmission of syphilis (congenital syphilis). An important aspect of the initiative is strengthening surveillance to monitor progress towards elimination. In 2008, using a health systems model with country data inputs, WHO estimated that 1·4 million maternal syphilis infections caused 520 000 adverse pregnancy outcomes. To assess progress, we updated the 2008 estimates and estimated the 2012 global prevalence and cases of maternal and congenital syphilis.

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Objective:

To identify gaps in the use of HIV prevention and care services and commodities for female sex workers, we conducted a baseline cross-sectional survey in four cities, in the context of an implementation research project aiming to improve use of sexual and reproductive health services.

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Effective HIV prevention requires knowledge of the structure and dynamics of the social networks across which infections are transmitted.

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Background: In the context of an implementation research project aiming at improving use of HIV and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services for female sex workers (FSWs), a broad situational analysis was conducted in Tete, Mozambique, assessing if services are adapted to the needs of FSWs.

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Background: On a global scale, nearly two billion persons are infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. From this vast reservoir of latent tuberculosis (TB) infection, a substantial number will develop active TB during their lifetime, with some being able to transmit TB or Multi-drug- resistant (MDR) TB to others. There is clinical evidence pointing to a higher prevalence of infectious diseases including TB among individuals with Diabetes Mellitus (DM). Furthermore, ageing and diabetes mellitus may further aggravate protein-energy malnutrition (PEM), which in turn impairs Tlymphocyte mediated immunologic defenses, thereby increasing the risk of developing active TB and compromising TB treatment. This article aims to a) highlight synergistic mechanisms associated with immunosenescence, DM and PEM in relation to the development of active TB and b) identify nutritional, clinical and epidemiological research gaps.

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