•To assess the effectiveness of outpatient management of precancerous lesions of the cervix in HIV positive women and to identify predictors for progression
•to assess acceptability of, compliance with, and effectiveness of the diaphragm and cervical caps in a population of high-risk women
•To describe the natural history of HPV infection in women who have been treated for CIN
•To assess the relevance of persistent HPV infection in women as a prognostic marker for recurrence after treatment for CIN
•To revise a draft WHO document that was written as a programme guide, focusing on strategies and programme components.
•To determine prevalences, viral parameters of HIV and HPV and its relation to cervical neoplasia in the general population of Nairobi
•To determine the effect of contraceptives on the HIV viral transmission/shedding
•To determine the effect of cytokines and immune components on HIV transmission/shedding
Project: First European Programme for the Prevention of FGM in Europe Funded by: EC - Justice and Home affairs Task Force Project Period: 2001-2003 Project Sites: Belgium, France, Italy This project is a continuation of the work initiated in 1998. ICRH is responsible for developing a review of legislation in Europe (child protection laws, penal codes etc.) and for developing a history on FGM in Europe. The project coordinator is GAMS (Groupement d'Abolition des Mutilations Sexuelles) in France
•To test the operational sensitivity and specificity, the financial accessibility and feasibility of a new rapid, point of care test for STI.
•To improve the reproductive health of Nicaraguan women through the implementation of an adequate, integrated pilot programme for cervical cancer screening at 3 levels (population, health care centre, district hospital).
•To reduce HIV transmission, as measured by decreased sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in selected sex worker communities and workplaces in Mombasa. This goal will be realised through the promotion of safer sexual behaviour among the target groups, mainly through peer-education led activities.
•To assess the feasibility, acceptability and cost-effectiveness of te his easy-to-use regimen in a 'real life' situation.
•To improve the integration of the management of sexually transmitted infections and HIV in family planning programs in China by the development of a model to include the curative and preventive management of STI and HIV in the current reproductive health programmes.
•Identify strategies and tools to improve the use of the syndromic approach to optimise Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) management/prevention in resource poor settings with high incidence of STI and HIV
•Ensure continuation of a collaborative network of researchers, to appraise existing STI management/prevention/control programs using the syndromic approach in 4 Southern and Eastern African countries.
•Enhance co-operation between scientists and policy makers involved in health systems development and development of preventive methods, new diagnostic tools and therapeutic regimens, in order to enhance the effectiveness, coverage and quality of care in existing primary health care services and programmes.
International organizations agree that the protection of teh sexual and reproductive health rights of refugee and internally displaced women should be a priority in humanitarian programmes. However, these rights are often regarded to be of less importance than the general problems faced by refugees and internally displaced persons
This project aimed at sensitising NGOs, professionals and public opinion on the problem of FGM.
•To improve quality of care by facilitating the implementation of innovative and cost-effective approaches to the prevention and control of STIs and HIV transmission in existing MCH and FP programs
•To establish a collaborative network of researchers to appraise existing SRI/HIV programs and services in four countries in Sub-Saharan Africa
•To enhance cooperation between scientists – involved in the development and testing of preventive methods, new diagnostic tools and therapeutic regimes – operational researches and policy makers involved in the design and management of disease control programs, and district medical officers involved in the implementation of RH care, in order to enhance the effectiveness, the coverage and the quality of care in existing programs.
•To assess the success of community outreach to enhance the coverage of at risk women with cervical pre-cancer.
•To assess the performance of different methods for cervical cancer screening (Papanicolaou (PAP) smear, visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) and testing for Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)) in field conditions in poor resource countries.
•To evaluate outpatient treatment, including "see and treat" for cervical pre-cancer when applied in field conditions.
•To set up a cervical cancer task force in an urban setting in Kenya.
•To assess strategies for an efficient detection and treatment of cervical cancer and STDs among Nicaraguan women.
•to reduce the transmission of mother-to-child transmission of HIV through the provision of a package of available, affordable and effective interventions in mother-child health
•to improve the health status of women and children in the Coast Province of Kenya. Specific objectives are to reduce maternal and infant mortality and morbidity and to reduce the transmission of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in the Coast Province of Kenya
This project aimed at reviewing existing criminal and child protection laws in 15 EU countries and made a comparative analysis of the implementation of the laws in 5 EU countries (Belgium, France, Spain, Sweden, UK).
This project aimed at creating a European Network for the Prevention of Female Genital Mutilation in Europe.