Kenya

Main objective:
•to assess acceptability of, compliance with, and effectiveness of the diaphragm and cervical caps in a population of high-risk women

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OBJECTIVES
•To determine prevalences, viral parameters of HIV and HPV and its relation to cervical neoplasia in the general population of Nairobi
•To determine the effect of contraceptives on the HIV viral transmission/shedding
•To determine the effect of cytokines and immune components on HIV transmission/shedding

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OBJECTIVES
•To assess the effectiveness of outpatient management of precancerous lesions of the cervix in HIV positive women and to identify predictors for progression

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OBJECTIVES
•To assess the feasibility, acceptability and cost-effectiveness of te his easy-to-use regimen in a 'real life' situation.

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OBJECTIVES
•To reduce HIV transmission, as measured by decreased sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in selected sex worker communities and workplaces in Mombasa. This goal will be realised through the promotion of safer sexual behaviour among the target groups, mainly through peer-education led activities.

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OBJECTIVES
•to reduce the transmission of mother-to-child transmission of HIV through the provision of a package of available, affordable and effective interventions in mother-child health
•to improve the health status of women and children in the Coast Province of Kenya. Specific objectives are to reduce maternal and infant mortality and morbidity and to reduce the transmission of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in the Coast Province of Kenya

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OBJECTIVES
•To assess the success of community outreach to enhance the coverage of at risk women with cervical pre-cancer.
•To assess the performance of different methods for cervical cancer screening (Papanicolaou (PAP) smear, visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) and testing for Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)) in field conditions in poor resource countries.
•To evaluate outpatient treatment, including "see and treat" for cervical pre-cancer when applied in field conditions.
•To set up a cervical cancer task force in an urban setting in Kenya.

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