Publications

OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to measure the impact of a single oral dose of cefetamet-pivoxil on pregnancy outcome in a population with substantial rates of low birth weight and high prevalence rates of maternal infections. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 320 pregnant women with a poor obstetric history, defined as a history of low birth weight or stillbirth, were randomized to receive a single oral dose of 2 gm of cefetamet-pivoxil or a placebo at a gestational age between 28 and 32 weeks.

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OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to measure the impact of a single oral dose of cefetamet-pivoxil on pregnancy outcome in a population with substantial rates of low birth weight and high prevalence rates of maternal infections. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 320 pregnant women with a poor obstetric history, defined as a history of low birth weight or stillbirth, were randomized to receive a single oral dose of 2 gm of cefetamet-pivoxil or a placebo at a gestational age between 28 and 32 weeks.

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Pregnancy rates among adolescents have not decreased over the last 10 years, despite numerous efforts. To solve this important health problem, the major strategy recommended is to encourage contraceptive use among sexually active teenagers. An important means of obtaining this is by promoting methods that are not dependent on daily administration in order to avoid noncompliance. One such method (Norplant) has already shown to be much more effective than the combination pill in preventing pregnancy in adolescent women.

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Intrauterine contraception has a number of important advantages over other forms of contraception and remains, therefore, an important method of birth control. However, side-effects and other drawbacks have reduced its overall acceptance. Also misconceptions and lack of updated scientific knowledge among the potential users and providers are major obstacles to the widespread use of intrauterine contraception.

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`We speak of one world, but in reality we are worlds apart...' these powerful worlds used by Kevin De Cock (1996), summarizing the clinical science track of the XI th International Aids Conference in Vancouver, reflected the general feeling of many delegates.

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Intrauterine contraception has a number of important advantages over other forms of contraception and remains, therefore, an important method of birth control. However, side-effects and other drawbacks have reduced its overall acceptance. Also misconceptions and lack of updated scientific knowledge among the potential users and providers are major obstacles to the widespread use of intrauterine contraception.

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T cell dysfunction in HIV-infected subjects could be the consequence of altered sensitivity of CD4+ or CD8+ T cells to various costimulatory signals. Therefore, we studied proliferation and cytokine production in highly purified CD8+ and CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected and HIV- subjects, induced by co-activation via cell-bound CD80, CD86 and CD40 or by allo-activation. Regardless of the nature of the first and the costimulatory signal, CD8+ T cells from patients proliferated consistently less than controls, while responses from CD4+ T cells were similar in patients and controls.

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